I recorded 4 miles remaining reported by SparkEV and 4% SoC from eVgo at the start of charging. Yes, it's from "4 miles remaining and loving it" episode. After 22 minutes 54 seconds (1374 seconds) and 14.68 kWh, SparkEV showed 84 miles remaining and 89% SoC.
Knowing the SoC percent and kWh used, one can estimate the actual battery capacity.
(89%-4%) / 14.68 kWh = 5.79%/kWh
100% / (5.79%/kWh) = 17.27 kWh
Since SparkEV has 19 kWh battery, this is pretty close with 1.7 kWh for "reserve" or for saving battery health.
Another fun thing to find is DCFC rate at kWh/second.
14.68 kWh / 1374 sec = 0.0107 kWh/sec
Compared to Leaf at 50% SoC, SparkEV charges twice as fast. Another is how much money I spent for the drive.
(84-4 miles) / (14.68 kWh) = 5.45 miles/kWh
Wow. That's pretty good driving! (hint: some traffic jam). My MPGe table was based on 4 miles/kWh, but 5.45 miles/kWh is 35% better! Well, not really. 4 miles/kWh was mostly using on vehicle charger, L1/L2, where as these are based on DCFC, so it's not apple-to-apple comparison. Maybe it's closer to Fuji vs Granny Smith comparison.
In another DCFC session,
SparkEV showed 21 miles remaining and 25% SoC at eVgo at start of charging. After 14 minutes 51 seconds (891 seconds) of charge showed 10.05 kWh. At the end, SparkEV showed 74 miles remaining and 82% SoC at eVgo.
Finding 100% battery capacity as before,
(82%-25%) / 10.5 kWh = 5.43 %/kWh
100% / (5.43 %/kWh) = 18.42 kWh
It's not extremely accurate, but it's too close for comfort for usable battery SoC and battery longevity if you ask me. I hope SparkEV engineers know what they're doing. They have impressed me so far, so I have confidence in them.
DCFC charging rate is
10.05 kWh / 821 sec = 0.011 kWh/sec
Let's bash Leaf again. That's still twice Leaf's charging rate at 50% SoC! And the amount of money I spent for the drive is
(74-21 miles) / 10.05 kWh = 5.3 miles/kWh
That's not as good as before, but it was driven at higher speed with less traffic. Still, that's 30% better than 4 miles/kWh the MPGe table is based on.
This shows 2015 SparkEV has 19 kWh battery, and not 21 kWh battery like the 2014 model of SparkEV. For given EV range, it's better to have lower capacity battery so the replacement cost will be lower. I am curious what the 2014 SparkEV show if same kind of measurements are made. What would Leaf show? Or Tesla? And other EV?
I don't monitor the charging at DCFC much, but the last one turned up as follows:
Start 13%, 12 miles remaining
End 85%, 12.09 kWh
12.09 / (85-13) * 100 = 16.8 kWh
But % reading are not accurate. It could be that the reading was taken just at the cusp of going to next value. Then the best case / worst case are as follows.
12.09 / (84-14) * 100 = 17.3 kWh (best case)
12.09 / (86-12) * 100 = 16.3 kWh (worst case)
Then the question becomes, what is the battery capacity when new? This was asked in forum, so I'll put my findings here.
According to commenter from Insideevs (probably also the same guy at http://gm-volt.com forum) named "WopOnTour", capacity is 54 Ah for two cells in parallel and 96 in series.
Without better source, we'll go by 54 Ah rating to estimate the battery capacity when new. But without knowing the voltage, we cannot find the energy capacity. EVPump DCFC at San Clemente shows voltage and current while charging. Below are screen shots at 48% and 84%. (those numbers were chosen after careful analysis!)
Note that the current is only 99A, which makes 373 * 99 = 37 kW rate. It seems EVPump maxes out at 100A while ABB chargers max out at 125 A (373 * 125 = 47 kW). Indeed, I've seen 48 kW on ABB as well as the label on side of the unit stating 125 A as max DC output.
We know that the charger would have to be higher voltage than the battery. How much higher is unknown, but it's probably safe to estimate that about half capacity charger voltage is about nominal battery voltage when full. Yes, it's a guess, but probably not far off. Then the nominal battery capacity is
373 V * 54 Ah = 20.14 kWh
Out of this, we see the usage to be about 18.4 kWh. Somehow, this figure is made popular, but not 20.14 kWh. Forum post says it's actually 19.44 kWh from some GM guy, and I've read somewhere long ago about 19.2 kWh. Regardless, it seems the usable capacity on 2015 (and 2016) SparkEV seem to be about 18.4 kWh when new, which represents 91.4% of full capacity.
For 2014, I don't have voltage data from actual charger. But it is known that it's 3 parallel at 60 Ah and 112 series from "WopOnTour" comment. Voltage for individual cell is found to be 3.32V by bicycle guy using OBD in different forum.
Then the capacity is
3.32 V * 112 * 60 Ah = 22.3 kWh
Out of this, experiments showed about 19.5 kWh used, which is 86% of full capacity. But Chevy advertised 21 kWh for 2014 SparkEV. Well, it's close enough I guess. Maybe the number I have is peak capacity while published figure is for derated for some factors with the derating factor to be 21/22.3 = 94.2%.